Tag Archives: chickens

What Everyone Should Know About Foodborne Illness

New drug resistant strains of salmonella have sickened hundreds of people this past week. While it’s all over the news, I hardly find this information new or surprising. We already know that widespread use of antibiotics in farmed animals promotes antibiotic resistant bacteria. And consuming low levels of these drugs through animals renders antibiotic therapy in humans less effective.

Antibiotic resistant strains of salmonella are increasing in prevalence each year. According to the FDA, nearly 45% of salmonella found in chickens and over 50% found in turkeys are resistant to three or more classes of antibiotics. Looking at these numbers, it’s no wonder that MRSA and other superbugs arise from animal agriculture.

Think “cage free” eggs  or “humane” meat offers a solution? Think again. The tainted chickens from Foster Farms are “American Humane Association Certified.”

 "Humane" labeling does not imply safety (or humanity.)

“Humane” labeling does not imply safety (or humanity.)

At times like these, many of us wonder how to prevent food poisoning. So I thought this might be a good moment to roll out ten important facts about foodborne illness.

1) Food-borne pathogens such as E.coli, Salmonella and Campylobacter can be traced directly to animal agriculture, and are responsible for over 48 million cases of illness (1 in 6 people) in the U.S. each year.

2) Salmonella is the #1 cause of food poisoning related death. Even the USDA precludes use of the word “safe” in egg advertisements due to the high risk of Salmonella. (also prohibited are the words “healthy” and “nutritious” for various health reasons)

3) 92% of poultry is contaminated with fecal matter containing E. coli.

4) Food borne pathogens can create life long complications including kidney disease, permanent brain damage, and insulin-dependent diabetes. Salmonella can trigger irritable bowel syndrome and arthritis.

5) Campylobacter is the most common cause of bacterial food poisoning in the U.S. 50% of Campylobacter strains can cause Guillain-Barré syndrome which leads to paralysis. Arthritis, heart and blood infections are other lasting effects.

6) E.coli from chickens and turkeys can cause urinary tract infections in women. 50% of chickens contain strains of UTI causing E.coli.

7) Salmonella and Campylobacter linger on surfaces, even after cleaning with bleach. The only way to avoid dangerous pathogens in your kitchen is to refrain from bringing animal products into your home.

8) Cooking eggs does not necessarily kill Salmonella. Handling chicken can result in food- borne infection before or even regardless of consuming it.

9) All food poisoning originates in animals. E.coli outbreaks in crops are caused by manure leaking into the groundwater, which is then used for watering.

10) Zoonoses such as mad cow disease, bird flu, swine flu, and a strain of MRSA have become public health threats due to modern animal agriculture. Recent outbreaks of bird and swine flu have heightened epidemiologists’ fears of a human influenza pandemic.

It was hard to resist a scary news treatment here.

It was hard to resist a scary news treatment here.

These diseases arise because animals are overcrowded and sick on both large and smaller scale farms. And don’t forget, all animals, (whether they ate organic feed, were “free range” etc.) end up in the same slaughterhouses where infections spread rampantly through feces and other fluids.
What can we do to stop the spread of these diseases? Each one of us has the power to affect change three times a day. Whenever someone goes vegetarian or vegan, the demand for these animals decreases. When we make more conscious food choices, we help make a safer, cleaner, more humane world a reality.

Wondering how to get started? No sweat!

• Try some Meatless Mondays for a start!

• Check out the Mercy for Animals starter guide 

•  Find important nutrition information on VeganHealth.org

• Try the 30 Day Vegan Challenge

• Listen to the informative and inspiring podcast, Food for Thought.

Find great restaurants in your neighborhood, and while traveling.

Please share this post widely! Informed people are the ones who make big changes.

References:

Freston, Kathy (2010, January 8) E. Coli, Salmonella and Other Deadly Bacteria and Pathogens in Food: Factory Farms Are the Reason. Nutrition Facts. Retrieved from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/kathy-freston/e-coli-salmonella-and-oth_b_415240.html

Greger, Michael (2013, July 15) More Than an Apple a Day: Combating Common Diseases. Retrieved from: http://nutritionfacts.org/video/more-than-an-apple-a-day-preventing-our-most-common-diseases/

Joy, Melanie. (2010). Why we Love Dogs, Eat Pigs, and Wear Cows. San Francisco, CA: Conari Press.

NARMS (2011) Retail Annual Meat Report. Retrieved from: http://www.fda.gov/AnimalVeterinary/SafetyHealth/AntimicrobialResistance/NationalAntimicrobialResistanceMonitoringSystem/ucm334828.htm

Yet another chicken post (a tiny heartwarming followup)

I will never tire of watching this sweet video. Knowing these birds will have a happy life fills me with hope. And I get chills too- etched on my mind are the sights, sounds and smells of frightened chickens, crying from cramped cages. These 150 rescued birds were the lucky ones- no longer a commodity, they are individuals who can now live without fear.
Yet another reason to pay a visit to Woodstock Farm Animal Sanctuary before they close to visitors for winter!

For the Animals

*Thanks so much to everyone who read and liked my first post, Days of Chickens!*

Rina Deytch, the unstoppable force behind the chickens. Behind her, hundreds of chickens in cramped cages await their fate. Community members pick them out and bring them home in garbage bags to perform the Kapporot ritual.

Rina Deytch, the unstoppable force behind the chickens. Behind her, hundreds of chickens in cramped cages await their fate.

As an activist, I can tell you that there is nothing more satisfying than planting a seed and watching it grow in someone’s consciousness. But just as in literal gardening, planting seeds is only possible under certain conditions. Changing the elements can mean killing the sprout at it’s most precarious point. A lot of sun helps plants grow – in the activist’s case, a sunny demeanor goes a long way too. Some additional conditions for planting seeds in activism are empathy, compassion, and intuition.

If I made any progress at the recent Kapporos demonstration it was through Colleen Patrick Goudreau’s podcast, How to Talk to Hunters (or Anyone With Whom You Disagree). I knew I was in for a challenge, and needed to head off any negative energy with inspiring ideas. I had listened to this podcast earlier in the year, and remembered the profound impact of her message. Colleen suggests that we have “compassion for people with whom we disagree or who participate in behavior we find abhorrent… It’s easy to be compassionate towards like-minded people; the challenge is choosing to have compassion towards those with whom we disagree.”

With these words on my mind, the demo became less about expressing my position against Kapporos, it was about expressing my position for the animals in the most positive way.

That's me, planting seeds!

That’s me, planting seeds!

For the most part it was a very successful event. But even a few ineffective people can derail any modicum of progress. There were some negative signs bearing strong, accusatory messages. A few people (on both sides) shouted when intelligent conversation might have helped. One activist who had very good intentions was often oblique or rambling and repeatedly lost her audience. These were all missed opportunities, and I found myself wishing that everyone at the demo had listened to Colleen’s podcast.

Activists and the moving lit van. I didn't love the homemade red sign, a less accusatory message might have worked better.

Activists and the moving lit van. I didn’t love the homemade red sign, a less accusatory message might have been more effective.

Over 90 degrees and surrounded by the fetid stench of feathers, excrement and decay. It was a tough night.

Over 90 degrees and surrounded by the fetid stench of feathers, excrement and decay. It was a tough night.

Now I would be remiss if I didn’t express my joy for the successes of this year’s demos- the issue attracted considerable media attention, many chickens were rescued, and a few operations in Los Angeles were shut down. But I believe that with consciousness and awareness we can move toward a more productive advocacy, allowing us to win over communities.  Just a little more empathy and planning could help us end this thing once and for all.

A lot of kids were interested- the challenge was effective education.

A lot of kids were interested- the challenge was effective education.

Both the mishaps and my own small victories gave me more insight into what works and what doesn’t when facing people with whom we disagree.  A few practical ideas:

Familiarize yourself with the materials and the issues. We’re out there to educate, so be sure you are educated! This may sound obvious, but look closely at the information you’ll hand out and the signs you hold. You are the ambassador for this message.

No matter how your beliefs diverge, try not to think of anyone as an opponent. They are people just like us, who fear change as much as we all do, who want the best for themselves and their families. Try to see commonalities and focus on that.

Engage in conversation, not argument. Keep it positive!

Don’t use a canned response. Change your words depending out your audience. Kids respond to different ideas than adults do, for instance.

Be friendly. Smile, always smile.
Once again, you are the ambassador for the animals, and for the movement.

Have empathy even when it seems impossible. Think about how you would want to be treated if you were on the other side of the issue, and what methods would impact you. Embody that empathy in your words and your body language.

When you find common ground, use it! I spoke to a woman who wanted to know more about where to swim in Brooklyn. No, it had nothing to do with the chickens, but a conversation about friendly topics opened her up to hearing what I had to say.

Find any way to bring an issue closer to someone, and use that too.
Often, in speaking to kids, I talked about how chickens like to play just like they do- they like to run in the grass and hang out with their friends. Letting them know that animals are similar to them is integral to their viewing them as individuals, not objects.

A smile goes a long way in advocacy!

A smile goes a long way in advocacy!

Is it easy to have empathy for those on the other side? Of course not. But the easy things aren’t necessarily right, it’s generally the opposite. It’s easier to eat microwave pizza for dinner every night, but it’s not healthful in the long run. It takes more forethought and consciousness to cut veggies and and cook healthful meals. But it’s not tough by any means and these simple actions make us stronger. It’s just a question of changing habits. Reacting emotionally rather than intellectually is a habit as well. It can be changed, and it often leads to growth. Your own growth, and the growth of many seeds.

What have you found effective in your advocacy efforts? I’d love to hear.

Why did the chickens cross the road? To escape torture and death, thankfully!

Why did the chickens cross the road? To escape torture and death, thankfully!

A volunteer loads rescued chickens into a van- There are at least 10, possibly 12 chickens crammed in that crate.

A volunteer loads rescued chickens into a van- There are at least 10, possibly 12 chickens crammed in that crate.

Close up of a rescued chicken, safe in the car. But thousands more are trapped in those tiny crates, removed only to meet torture and death.

Click to see this rescued hen more clearly. (or any of the photos)

Carting away a live chicken in a garbage bag. I can't imagine how frightened this poor animal was.

Carting away a live chicken in a garbage bag. I can’t imagine how frightened this poor animal was.

In the background, a man takes home a chicken in a dark garbage bag.
In the background, a man takes home a chicken in a dark garbage bag.

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Cop greets the moving lit van.

Cop greets the moving lit van.

 Masks helped only slightly- the air was thick with feathers and various wastes. Breathing wasn't really possible, for people or chickens.

Masks helped only slightly- the air was thick with feathers and various wastes. Breathing was tough for people and chickens.

Breathing was pretty much impossible. Many smiles regardless!

Breathing was pretty much impossible. Many smiles regardless!